What are the different transmission based precautions?

There are three categories of Transmission-Based Precautions: Contact Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Airborne Precautions.

What are the 4 different types of transmission precautions?

Infection Control and Prevention – Transmission-based precautions

  • Contact Precautions. …
  • Droplet Precautions. …
  • Airborne Precautions. …
  • Eye Protection.

What are the three transmission-based precautions different?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact precautions (for diseases spread by direct or indirect contact), droplet precautions (for diseases spread by large particles in the air), and airborne precautions (for diseases spread by small particles in the air).

What are examples of transmission-based precautions?

Transmission-based precautions

  • airborne transmission, e.g. pulmonary tuberculosis, chickenpox, measles.
  • droplet transmission, e.g. influenza, pertussis (whooping cough), rubella.
  • contact transmission (direct or indirect), e.g. viral gastroenteritis, Clostridium difficile, MRSA, scabies.

What are the different precautions to prevent disease transmission?

Standard Precautions

  • Hand hygiene.
  • Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).
  • Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.
  • Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).
  • Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).
  • Sterile instruments and devices.
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What are standard transmission precautions?

Transmission-Based Precautions are the second tier of basic infection control and are to be used in addition to Standard Precautions for patients who may be infected or colonized with certain infectious agents for which additional precautions are needed to prevent infection transmission.

Which transmission-based precautions would the nurse use when caring for a 4 year old child admitted with pertussis?

The nurse should institute standard precautions in addition to the appropriate transmission-based precautions when required to prevent the transmission of pathogens. Pertussis (whooping cough) is spread via respiratory droplets so the nurse should institute droplet precautions when caring for a client with pertussis.

What are the three 3 types of additional precautions?

Types of Additional Precautions. There are three categories of additional precautions: contact precautions, droplet precautions, and airborne precautions.

What are the transmission based precautions for MRSA?

To prevent MRSA infections, healthcare personnel: Clean their hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer before and after caring for every patient. Carefully clean hospital rooms and medical equipment. Use Contact Precautions when caring for patients with MRSA (colonized, or carrying, and infected).

Do you wear an N95 for droplet precautions?

A respirator or N95 face mask is NOT necessary but can be used for the care of a patient on Droplet Precautions. Remember, that you should continue to use Standard Precautions during patient care in addition to Droplet Precautions.

What are the 10 standard infection control precautions?

The 10 Standard Infection Control Precautions (SICP)

  • Patient assessment for infection risk.
  • Hand hygiene.
  • Respiratory and cough hygiene.
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Safe management of equipment.
  • Safe management of environment.
  • Safe management of blood and body fluids.
  • Safe management of linen.
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What are some contact precautions?

Gloves

  • Wear gloves when touching the patient and the patient’s immediate environment or belongings.
  • Remove gloves promptly after use and discard before touching non-contaminated items or environmental surfaces, and before providing care to another patient.
  • Wash hands immediately after removing gloves.

What are the 8 Standard Precautions for infection control?

8.1 Standard precautions

  • hand hygiene and cough etiquette.
  • the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • the safe use and disposal of sharps.
  • routine environmental cleaning.
  • incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions [91].

What is the difference between universal and Standard Precautions?

In 1996, the CDC expanded the concept and changed the term to standard precautions, which integrated and expanded the elements of universal precautions to include contact with all body fluids (except sweat), regardless of whether blood is present.

What are universal precautions?

Universal precautions are a standard set of guidelines to prevent the transmission of bloodborne pathogens from exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials (OPIM).